@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/7641,
	  title     = {Multi-Objective Optimization for Performance-based Seismic Retrofit using Connection Upgrade},
	  author    = {Dong-Chul Lee and  Byung-Kwan Oh and  Se-Woon Choi and  Hyo-Sun Park},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The unanticipated brittle fracture of connection of the
steel moment resisting frame (SMRF) occurred in 1994 the Northridge
earthquake. Since then, the researches for the vulnerability of
connection of the existing SMRF and for rehabilitation of those
buildings were conducted. This paper suggests performance-based
optimal seismic retrofit technique using connection upgrade. For
optimal design, a multi-objective genetic algorithm(NSGA-II) is used.
One of the two objective functions is to minimize initial cost and
another objective function is to minimize lifetime seismic damages
cost. The optimal algorithm proposed in this paper is performed
satisfying specified performance objective based on FEMA 356. The
nonlinear static analysis is performed for structural seismic
performance evaluation. A numerical example of SAC benchmark
SMRF is provided using the performance-based optimal seismic
retrofit technique proposed in this paper},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {11},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {555 - 560},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/7641},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/59},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 59, 2011},
	}