@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/6732,
	  title     = {Probe of Crack Initiate at the Toe of Concrete Gravity Dam using Numerical Analysis},
	  author    = {M. S. Salimi and  H. Kiamanesh and  N. Hedayat},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In this survey the process of crack propagation at the
toe of concrete gravity dam is investigated by applying principals
and criteria of linear elastic fracture mechanic. Simulating process of
earthquake conditions for three models of dam with different
geometrical condition, in empty reservoir under plain stress is
calculated through special fracture mechanic software FRANNC2D
[1] for determining fracture mechanic criteria. The outcomes showed
that in spite of the primary expectations, the simultaneous existence
of fillet in both toe and heel area (model 3), the rate of maximum
principal stress has not been decreased; however, even the maximum
principal stress has increased, so it caused stress intensity factors
increase which is undesirable. On the other hand, the dam with heel
fillet has shown the best attitude and it is because of items like
decreasing the rates of maximum and minimum principal stresses and
also is related to decreasing the rates of stress intensity factors for 1st
& 2nd modes of the model.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {9},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {373 - 377},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/6732},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/57},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 57, 2011},