@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/6668,
	  title     = {Optimization of Conditions for Xanthan Gum Production from Waste Date in Submerged Fermantation},
	  author    = {S. Moshaf and  Z. Hamidi-Esfahani and  M. H. Azizi},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Xanthan gum is one of the major commercial
biopolymers. Due to its excellent rheological properties xanthan gum
is used in many applications, mainly in food industry. Commercial
production of xanthan gum uses glucose as the carbon substrate;
consequently the price of xanthan production is high. One of the
ways to decrease xanthan price, is using cheaper substrate like
agricultural wastes. Iran is one of the biggest date producer countries.
However approximately 50% of date production is wasted annually.
The goal of this study is to produce xanthan gum from waste date
using Xanthomonas campestris PTCC1473 by submerged
fermentation. In this study the effect of three variables including
phosphor and nitrogen amount and agitation rate in three levels using
response surface methodology (RSM) has been studied. Results
achieved from statistical analysis Design Expert 7.0.0 software
showed that xanthan increased with increasing level of phosphor.
Low level of nitrogen leaded to higher xanthan production. Xanthan
amount, increasing agitation had positive influence. The statistical
model identified the optimum conditions nitrogen amount=3.15g/l,
phosphor amount=5.03 g/l and agitation=394.8 rpm for xanthan. To
model validation, experiments in optimum conditions for xanthan
gum were carried out. The mean of result for xanthan was 6.72±0.26.
The result was closed to the predicted value by using RSM.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Nutrition and Food Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {9},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {549 - 552},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/6668},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/57},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 57, 2011},