%0 Journal Article
	%A Boonyisa Wanitwattanarumlug and  Apanee Luengnaruemitchai and  Sujitra Wongkasemjit
	%D 2012
	%J International Journal of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I International Science Index 64, 2012
	%T Characterization of Corn Cobs from Microwave and Potassium Hydroxide Pretreatment
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/6352
	%V 64
	%X The complexity of lignocellulosic biomass requires
a pretreatment step to improve the yield of fermentable sugars. The
efficient pretreatment of corn cobs using microwave and potassium
hydroxide and enzymatic hydrolysis was investigated. The
objective of this work was to characterize the optimal condition of
pretreatment of corn cobs using microwave and potassium
hydroxide enhance enzymatic hydrolysis. Corn cobs were
submerged in different potassium hydroxide concentration at varies
temperature and resident time. The pretreated corn cobs were
hydrolyzed to produce the reducing sugar for analysis. The
morphology and microstructure of samples were investigated by
Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA, scanning electron microscope
(SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that lignin
and hemicellulose were removed by microwave/potassium
hydroxide pretreatment. The crystallinity of the pretreated corn
cobs was higher than the untreated. This method was compared
with autoclave and conventional heating method. The results
indicated that microwave-alkali treatment was an efficient way to
improve the enzymatic hydrolysis rate by increasing its
accessibility hydrolysis enzymes.
	%P 327 - 331