@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/5837,
	  title     = {Application of HSA and GA in Optimal Placement of FACTS Devices Considering Voltage Stability and Losses},
	  author    = {A. Parizad and  A. Khazali and  M. Kalantar},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Voltage collapse is instability of heavily loaded electric
power systems that cause to declining voltages and blackout. Power
systems are predicated to become more heavily loaded in the future
decade as the demand for electric power rises while economic and
environmental concerns limit the construction of new transmission
and generation capacity. Heavily loaded power systems are closer to
their stability limits and voltage collapse blackouts will occur if
suitable monitoring and control measures are not taken. To control
transmission lines, it can be used from FACTS devices.
In this paper Harmony search algorithm (HSA) and Genetic
Algorithm (GA) have applied to determine optimal location of
FACTS devices in a power system to improve power system stability.
Three types of FACTS devices (TCPAT, UPFS, and SVC) have been
introduced. Bus under voltage has been solved by controlling reactive
power of shunt compensator. Also a combined series-shunt
compensators has been also used to control transmission power flow
and bus voltage simultaneously.
Different scenarios have been considered. First TCPAT, UPFS, and
SVC are placed solely in transmission lines and indices have been
calculated. Then two types of above controller try to improve
parameters randomly. The last scenario tries to make better voltage
stability index and losses by implementation of three types controller
simultaneously. These scenarios are executed on typical 34-bus test
system and yields efficiency in improvement of voltage profile and
reduction of power losses; it also may permit an increase in power
transfer capacity, maximum loading, and voltage stability margin.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {8},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {1594 - 1600},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/5837},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/32},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 32, 2009},
	}