%0 Journal Article
	%A M. Vesali Naseh and  A. A. Khodadadi and  Y. Mortazavi and  O. Alizadeh Sahraei and  F. Pourfayaz and  S. Mosadegh Sedghi
	%D 2009
	%J International Journal of Chemical and Molecular Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 25, 2009
	%T Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes Using Nitric Acid Oxidation and DBD Plasma
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/5775
	%V 25
	%X In this study, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)
were modified with nitric acid chemically and by dielectric barrier
discharge (DBD) plasma in an oxygen-based atmosphere. Used
carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were prepared by chemical vapour
deposition (CVD) floating catalyst method. For removing amorphous
carbon and metal catalyst, MWNTs were exposed to dry air and
washed with hydrochloric acid. Heating purified CNTs under helium
atmosphere caused elimination of acidic functional groups. Fourier
transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) shows formation of
oxygen containing groups such as C=O and COOH. Brunauer,
Emmett, Teller (BET) analysis revealed that functionalization causes
generation of defects on the sidewalls and opening of the ends of
CNTs. Results of temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and gas
chromatography(GC) indicate that nitric acid treatment create more
acidic groups than plasma treatment.
	%P 33 - 35