%0 Journal Article
	%A A. Fata and  B. Nikuei
	%D 2010
	%J International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 45, 2010
	%T The Effect of the Tool Geometry and Cutting Conditions on the Tool Deflection and Cutting Forces
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/558
	%V 45
	%X In this paper by measuring the cutting forces the effect
of the tool shape and qualifications (sharp and worn cutting tools of
both vee and knife edge profile) and cutting conditions (depth of cut
and cutting speed) in the turning operation on the tool deflection and
cutting force is investigated. The workpiece material was mild steel
and the cutting tool was made of high speed steel. Cutting forces
were measured by a dynamometer (type P.E.I. serial No 154). The
dynamometer essentially consisted of a cantilever structure which
held the cutting tool. Deflection of the cantilever was measured by an
L.V.D.T (Mercer 122) deflection indicator. No cutting fluid was used
during the turning operations. A modern CNC lathe machine (Okuma
LH35-N) was used for the tests. It was noted that worn vee profile
tools tended to produce a greater increase in the vertical force
component than the axial component, whereas knife tools tended to
show a more pronounced increase in the axial component.
	%P 806 - 811