@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/5502,
	  title     = {Optimization and GIS-Based Intelligent Decision Support System for Urban Transportation Systems Analysis},
	  author    = {Mohamad K. Hasan and  Hameed Al-Qaheri},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Optimization plays an important role in most real
world applications that support decision makers to take the right
decision regarding the strategic directions and operations of the
system they manage. Solutions for traffic management and traffic
congestion problems are considered major problems that most
decision making authorities for cities around the world are looking
for. This review paper gives a full description of the traffic problem
as part of the transportation planning process and present a view as a
framework of urban transportation system analysis where the core of
the system is a transportation network equilibrium model that is
based on optimization techniques and that can also be used for
evaluating an alternative solution or a combination of alternative
solutions for the traffic congestion. Different transportation network
equilibrium models are reviewed from the sequential approach to the
multiclass combining trip generation, trip distribution, modal split,
trip assignment and departure time model. A GIS-Based intelligent
decision support system framework for urban transportation system
analysis is suggested for implementation where the selection of
optimized alternative solutions, single or packages, will be based on
an intelligent agent rather than human being which would lead to
reduction in time, cost and the elimination of the difficulty, by
human being, for finding the best solution to the traffic congestion
	    journal   = {International Journal of Transport and Vehicle Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {402 - 427},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/5502},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/75},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 75, 2013},