{"title":"Predicting Dietary Practice Behavior among Type 2 Diabetics Using the Theory of Planned Behavior and Mixed Methods Design","authors":"D.O. Omondi, M.K. Walingo, G.M. Mbagaya, L.O.A. Othuon","volume":55,"journal":"International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences","pagesStart":284,"pagesEnd":293,"ISSN":"1307-6892","URL":"https:\/\/publications.waset.org\/pdf\/5274","abstract":"This study applied the Theory of Planned Behavior\r\nmodel in predicting dietary behavior among Type 2 diabetics in a\r\nKenyan environment. The study was conducted for three months\r\nwithin the diabetic clinic at Kisii Hospital in Nyanza Province in\r\nKenya and adopted sequential mixed methods design combing both\r\nqualitative and quantitative phases. Qualitative data was analyzed\r\nusing grounded theory analysis method. Structural equation modeling\r\nusing maximum likelihood was used to analyze quantitative data.\r\nThe results based on the common fit indices revealed that the theory\r\nof planned behavior fitted the data acceptably well among the Type 2\r\ndiabetes and within dietary behavior {\u03c72 = 223.3, df = 77, p = .02,\r\n\u03c72\/df = 2.9, n=237; TLI = .93; CFI =.91; RMSEA (90CI) = .090(.039,\r\n.146)}. This implies that the Theory of Planned Behavior holds and\r\nforms a framework for promoting dietary practice among Type 2\r\ndiabetics.","references":"[1] M.I. Harris, \"Frequency of Blood Glucose Monitoring in Relation to\r\nGlycemic Control in Patients with Type II diabetes,\" Diabetes Care,\r\nVol.24, no.6, pp.979-982, 2001.\r\n[2] A. Thanopoulou, B. Karamanos, F. Angelico, S. Assaad-Khalil, A.\r\nBarbato, M. 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