@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/5266,
	  title     = {Efficient Variants of Square Contour Algorithm for Blind Equalization of QAM Signals},
	  author    = {Ahmad Tariq Sheikh and  Shahzad Amin Sheikh},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {A new distance-adjusted approach is proposed in
which static square contours are defined around an estimated
symbol in a QAM constellation, which create regions that
correspond to fixed step sizes and weighting factors. As a
result, the equalizer tap adjustment consists of a linearly
weighted sum of adaptation criteria that is scaled by a variable
step size. This approach is the basis of two new algorithms: the
Variable step size Square Contour Algorithm (VSCA) and the
Variable step size Square Contour Decision-Directed
Algorithm (VSDA). The proposed schemes are compared with
existing blind equalization algorithms in the SCA family in
terms of convergence speed, constellation eye opening and
residual ISI suppression. Simulation results for 64-QAM
signaling over empirically derived microwave radio channels
confirm the efficacy of the proposed algorithms. An RTL
implementation of the blind adaptive equalizer based on the
proposed schemes is presented and the system is configured to
operate in VSCA error signal mode, for square QAM signals
up to 64-QAM.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {448 - 456},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/5266},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/27},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 27, 2009},