@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4971,
	  title     = {An Online Evaluation of Operating Reserve for System Security},
	  author    = {Le-Ren Chang-Chien and  Yin-Juin Lin and  Chin-Chung Wu},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Utilities use operating reserve for frequency regulation.To ensure that the operating frequency and system security are well maintained, the operating grid codes always specify that the reserve quantity and response rate should meet some prescribed levels. This paper proposes a methodology to evaluate system's contingency reserve for an isolated power network. With the presented algorithm to estimate system's frequency response characteristic, an online allocation of contingency reserve would be feasible to meet the grid codes for contingency operation. Test results from the simulated conditions, and from the actual operating data verify the merits of the proposed methodology to system's frequency control, and security.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {1},
	  number    = {4},
	  year      = {2007},
	  pages     = {651 - 656},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4971},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/4},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 4, 2007},