@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/482,
	  title     = {Effects of Ultrasonic Treatment on Germination of Synthetic Sunflower Seeds},
	  author    = {Thitiporn Machikowa and  Thanawit Kulrattanarak and  Sodchol Wonprasaid},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {One problem of synthetic sunflower cultivation is an
erratic germination of the seeds. To improve the germination, presowing
seed treatment with an ultrasound was tested. All treatments
were carried out at 40 kHz frequency with the intensities of 40, 60,
80 and 100% of the ultrasonic generator total power (250 W) for the
durations of 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes. Data on seed germination
percentage, seed vigor index (SVI), root and shoot lengths of
seedlings were collected. The results showed that germination, SVI,
root and shoot lengths of ultrasonic treated seedlings were different
from the control, depending on intensity of the ultrasound. The
effects of ultrasonic treatment were significant on germination,
resulting in a maximum increase of 43% at 40 and 60% intensities
compared to that of the control seeds. In addition, seedlings of these 2
treatments had higher SVI and longer root and shoot lengths than that
of the control seedlings. All treatment durations resulted in higher
germination and SVI, longer root and higher shoot lenghts of
seedlings than the control. Among the duration treatments, only SVI
and seedling root length were significantly different.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {1},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {2 - 4},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/482},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/73},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 73, 2013},