@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4777,
	  title     = {Aerodynamics and Optimization of Airfoil Under Ground Effect},
	  author    = {Kyoungwoo Park and  Byeong Sam Kim and  Juhee Lee and  Kwang Soo Kim},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The Prediction of aerodynamic characteristics and
shape optimization of airfoil under the ground effect have been carried
out by integration of computational fluid dynamics and the multiobjective
Pareto-based genetic algorithm. The main flow
characteristics around an airfoil of WIG craft are lift force, lift-to-drag
ratio and static height stability (H.S). However, they show a strong
trade-off phenomenon so that it is not easy to satisfy the design
requirements simultaneously. This difficulty can be resolved by the
optimal design. The above mentioned three characteristics are chosen
as the objective functions and NACA0015 airfoil is considered as a
baseline model in the present study. The profile of airfoil is
constructed by Bezier curves with fourteen control points and these
control points are adopted as the design variables. For multi-objective
optimization problems, the optimal solutions are not unique but a set
of non-dominated optima and they are called Pareto frontiers or Pareto
sets. As the results of optimization, forty numbers of non- dominated
Pareto optima can be obtained at thirty evolutions.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {4},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {385 - 391},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4777},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/28},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 28, 2009},
	}