%0 Journal Article
	%A A. Traidia and  F. Roger and  A. Chidley and  J. Schroeder and  T. Marlaud
	%D 2011
	%J International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 49, 2011
	%T Effect of Helium-Argon Mixtures on the Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4755
	%V 49
	%X A transient finite element model has been developed
to study the heat transfer and fluid flow during spot Gas Tungsten
Arc Welding (GTAW) on stainless steel. Temperature field, fluid
velocity and electromagnetic fields are computed inside the cathode,
arc-plasma and anode using a unified MHD formulation. The
developed model is then used to study the influence of different
helium-argon gas mixtures on both the energy transferred to the
workpiece and the time evolution of the weld pool dimensions. It is
found that the addition of helium to argon increases the heat flux
density on the weld axis by a factor that can reach 6.5. This induces
an increase in the weld pool depth by a factor of 3. It is also found
that the addition of only 10% of argon to helium decreases
considerably the weld pool depth, which is due to the electrical
conductivity of the mixture that increases significantly when argon is
added to helium.
	%P 223 - 228