@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4744,
	  title     = {A Novel Digital Watermarking Technique Basedon ISB (Intermediate Significant Bit)},
	  author    = {Akram M. Zeki and  Azizah A. Manaf},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Least Significant Bit (LSB) technique is the earliest
developed technique in watermarking and it is also the most simple,
direct and common technique. It essentially involves embedding the
watermark by replacing the least significant bit of the image data with
a bit of the watermark data. The disadvantage of LSB is that it is not
robust against attacks. In this study intermediate significant bit (ISB)
has been used in order to improve the robustness of the watermarking
system. The aim of this model is to replace the watermarked image
pixels by new pixels that can protect the watermark data against
attacks and at the same time keeping the new pixels very close to the
original pixels in order to protect the quality of watermarked image.
The technique is based on testing the value of the watermark pixel
according to the range of each bit-plane.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {2},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {444 - 451},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4744},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/26},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 26, 2009},