@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4591,
	  title     = {Modeling the Effect of Spacer Orientation on Heat Transfer in Membrane Distillation},
	  author    = {M. Shakaib and  M. Ehtesham-ul Haq and  I. Ahmed and  R.M. Yunus},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations
carried out in this paper show that spacer orientation has a major
influence on temperature patterns and on the heat transfer rates. The
local heat flux values significantly vary from high to very low values
at each filament when spacer touches the membrane surface. The
heat flux profile is more uniform when spacer filaments are not in
contact with the membrane thus making this arrangement more
beneficial. The temperature polarization is also found to be less in
this case when compared to the empty channel.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Chemical and Molecular Engineering},
	  volume    = {4},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2010},
	  pages     = {762 - 765},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/4591},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/48},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 48, 2010},
	}