%0 Journal Article
	%A Ahmad Hashim and  Mohd Sani Madon
	%D 2012
	%J International Journal of Sport and Health Sciences
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 66, 2012
	%T Objectivity, Reliability and Validity of the 90º
Push-Ups Test Protocol Among Male and
Female Students of Sports Science Program
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/3416
	%V 66
	%X This study was conducted to determine the
objectivity, reliability and validity of the 90º push-ups test protocol
among male and female students of Sports Science Program, Faculty
of Sports Science and Coaching Sultan Idris University of Education.
Samples (n = 300), consisted of males (n = 168) and females (n =
132) students were randomly selected for this study. Researchers
tested the 90º push-ups on the sample twice in a single trial, test and
re-test protocol in the bench press test. Pearson-Product Moment
Correlation method's was used to determine the value of objectivity,
reliability and validity testing. The findings showed that the 900 pushups
test protocol showed high consistency between the two testers
with a value of r = .99. Likewise, The reliability value between test
and re-test for the 90º push-ups test for the male (r=.93) and female
(r=.93) students was also high. The results showed a correlation
between 90º push-ups test and bench press test for boys was r = .64
and girls was r = .28. This finding indicates that the use of the 90º
push-ups to test muscular strength and endurance in the upper body
of males has a higher validity values than female students.
	%P 1068 - 1071