@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2937,
	  title     = {Modeling Reaction Time in Car-Following Behaviour Based on Human Factors},
	  author    = {Atif Mehmood and  Said M. Easa},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This paper develops driver reaction-time models for
car-following analysis based on human factors. The reaction time
was classified as brake-reaction time (BRT) and
acceleration/deceleration reaction time (ADRT). The BRT occurs
when the lead vehicle is barking and its brake light is on, while the
ADRT occurs when the driver reacts to adjust his/her speed using the
gas pedal only. The study evaluates the effect of driver
characteristics and traffic kinematic conditions on the driver reaction
time in a car-following environment. The kinematic conditions
introduced urgency and expectancy based on the braking behaviour
of the lead vehicle at different speeds and spacing. The kinematic
conditions were used for evaluating the BRT and are classified as
normal, surprised, and stationary. Data were collected on a driving
simulator integrated into a real car and included the BRT and ADRT
(as dependent variables) and driver-s age, gender, driving experience,
driving intensity (driving hours per week), vehicle speed, and
spacing (as independent variables). The results showed that there was
a significant difference in the BRT at normal, surprised, and
stationary scenarios and supported the hypothesis that both urgency
and expectancy had significant effects on BRT. Driver-s age, gender,
speed, and spacing were found to be significant variables for the
BRT in all scenarios. The results also showed that driver-s age and
gender were significant variables for the ADRT. The research
presented in this paper is part of a larger project to develop a driversensitive
in-vehicle rear-end collision warning system.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {9},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {325 - 333},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2937},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/33},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 33, 2009},
	}