@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2695,
	  title     = {Promising Immobilization of Cadmium and Lead inside Ca-rich Glass-ceramics},
	  author    = {A. Karnis and  L. Gautron},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Considering toxicity of heavy metals and their
accumulation in domestic wastes, immobilization of lead and
cadmium is envisaged inside glass-ceramics. We particularly
focused this work on calcium-rich phases embedded in a
glassy matrix.
Glass-ceramics were synthesized from glasses doped with
12 wt% and 16 wt% of PbO or CdO. They were observed and
analyzed by Electron MicroProbe Analysis (EMPA) and
Analytical Scanning Electron Microscopy (ASEM). Structural
characterization of the samples was performed by powder XRay
Diopside crystals of CaMgSi2O6 composition are shown to
incorporate significant amounts of cadmium (up to 9 wt% of
CdO). Two new crystalline phases are observed with very
high Cd or Pb contents: about 40 wt% CdO for the cadmiumrich
phase and near 60 wt% PbO for the lead-rich phase. We
present complete chemical and structural characterization of
these phases. They represent a promising way for the
immobilization of toxic elements like Cd or Pb since glass
ceramics are known to propose a “double barrier" protection
(metal-rich crystals embedded in a glass matrix) against metal
release in the environment.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Geological and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {4},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {100 - 103},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2695},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/28},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 28, 2009},