@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2398,
	  title     = {Groundwater Quality Improvement by Using Aeration and Filtration Methods},
	  author    = {Nik N. Nik Daud and  Nur H. Izehar and  B. Yusuf and  Thamer A. Mohamed and  A. Ahsan},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {An experiment was conducted using two aeration
methods (water-into-air and air-into-water) and followed by filtration
processes using manganese greensand material. The properties of
groundwater such as pH, dissolved oxygen, turbidity and heavy metal
concentration (iron and manganese) will be assessed. The objectives
of this study are i) to determine the effective aeration method and ii)
to assess the effectiveness of manganese greensand as filter media in
removing iron and manganese concentration in groundwater. Results
showed that final pH for all samples after treatment are in range from
7.40 and 8.40. Both aeration methods increased the dissolved oxygen
content. Final turbidity for groundwater samples are between 3 NTU
to 29 NTU. Only three out of eight samples achieved iron
concentration of 0.3mg/L and less and all samples reach manganese
concentration of 0.1mg/L and less. Air-into-water aeration method
gives higher percentage of iron and manganese removal compare to
water-into-air method.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {6},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {309 - 313},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2398},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/78},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 78, 2013},
	}