@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2365,
	  title     = {Distortion Estimation in Digital Image Watermarking using Genetic Programming},
	  author    = {Labiba Gilani and  Asifullah Khan and  Anwar M. Mirza},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This paper introduces a technique of distortion
estimation in image watermarking using Genetic Programming (GP).
The distortion is estimated by considering the problem of obtaining a
distorted watermarked signal from the original watermarked signal as
a function regression problem. This function regression problem is
solved using GP, where the original watermarked signal is
considered as an independent variable. GP-based distortion
estimation scheme is checked for Gaussian attack and Jpeg
compression attack. We have used Gaussian attacks of different
strengths by changing the standard deviation. JPEG compression
attack is also varied by adding various distortions. Experimental
results demonstrate that the proposed technique is able to detect the
watermark even in the case of strong distortions and is more robust
against attacks.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {2},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2008},
	  pages     = {839 - 844},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2365},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/15},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 15, 2008},