@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2100,
	  title     = {Refinement of Object-Z Specifications Using Morgan-s Refinement Calculus},
	  author    = {Mehrnaz Najafi and  Hassan Haghighi},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Morgan-s refinement calculus (MRC) is one of the
well-known methods allowing the formality presented in the program
specification to be continued all the way to code. On the other hand,
Object-Z (OZ) is an extension of Z adding support for classes and
objects. There are a number of methods for obtaining code from OZ
specifications that can be categorized into refinement and animation
methods. As far as we know, only one refinement method exists
which refines OZ specifications into code. However, this method
does not have fine-grained refinement rules and thus cannot be
automated. On the other hand, existing animation methods do not
present mapping rules formally and do not support the mapping of
several important constructs of OZ, such as all cases of operation
expressions and most of constructs in global paragraph. In this paper,
with the aim of providing an automatic path from OZ specifications
to code, we propose an approach to map OZ specifications into their
counterparts in MRC in order to use fine-grained refinement rules of
MRC. In this way, having counterparts of our specifications in MRC,
we can refine them into code automatically using MRC tools such as
RED. Other advantages of our work pertain to proposing mapping
rules formally, supporting the mapping of all important constructs of
Object-Z, and considering dynamic instantiation of objects while OZ
itself does not cover this facility.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {11},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {1347 - 1356},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/2100},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/59},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 59, 2011},
	}