@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/17341,
	  title     = {Implementing ALD in Product Development: The Effect of Geometrical Dimensions on Tubular Member Deformation },
	  author    = {Shigeyuki Haruyama and  Aidil Khaidir Bin Muhamad and  Tadayuki Kyoutani and  Dai-Heng Chen and  Ken Kaminishi},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The product development process has undergone many changes concomitant with world progress in order to produce products that meet customer needs quickly and inexpensively. Analysis-Led Design (ALD) is one of the latest methods in the product development process. It focuses more on up-front engineering, a product quality optimization process that starts early in the conceptual design stage. Product development and manufacturing through ALD utilizes digital tools extensively for design, analysis and product optimization. This study uses computer-aided design (CAD) and finite element method (FEM) simulation to examine the modes of deformation of tubular members under axial loading. A multiple-combination impact absorption tubular member, referred to as a compress–expand member, is proposed as a substitute for the conventional thin-walled cylindrical tube to be used as a vehicle’s crash box. The study of deformation modes is crucial for evaluating the geometrical dimension limits by which a member can absorb energy efficiently.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {11},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {2184 - 2188},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/17341},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/83},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 83, 2013},