@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/16522,
	  title     = {Magnesium Alloy: A Biomaterial for Development of Degradation Rate Controllable Esophageal Stent},
	  author    = {Li Hong Chen and  Wei Zhou and  Chu Sing Lim and  Eng Kiong Teo and  Ngai Moh Law},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Magnesium alloy has been widely investigated as
biodegradable cardiovascular stent and bone implant. Its application
for biodegradable esophageal stenting remains unexplored. This
paper reports the biodegradation behaviors of AZ31 magnesium alloy
in artificial saliva and various types of beverage in vitro. Results
show that the magnesium ion release rate of AZ31 in artificial saliva
for a stent (2cm diameter, 10cm length at 50% stent surface
coverage) is 43 times lower than the daily allowance of human body
magnesium intakes. The degradation rates of AZ31 in different
beverages could also be significantly different. These results suggest
that the esophagus in nature is a less aggressive chemical
environment for degradation of magnesium alloys. The significant
difference in degradation rates of AZ31 in different beverages opens
new opportunities for development of degradation controllable
esophageal stent through customizing ingested beverages.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Biomedical and Biological Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {7},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {423 - 426},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/16522},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/79},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 79, 2013},