@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/16155,
	  title     = {Exergy Analysis of a Solar Humidification- Dehumidification Desalination Unit},
	  author    = {Mohammed A. Elhaj and  Jamal S. Yassin},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This paper presents the exergy analysis of a
desalination unit using humidification-dehumidification process.
Here, this unit is considered as a thermal system with three main
components, which are the heating unit by using a solar collector, the
evaporator or the humidifier, and the condenser or the dehumidifier.
In these components the exergy is a measure of the quality or grade
of energy and it can be destroyed in them. According to the second
law of thermodynamics this destroyed part is due to irreversibilities
which must be determined to obtain the exergetic efficiency of the
In the current paper a computer program has been developed using
visual basic to determine the exergy destruction and the exergetic
efficiencies of the components of the desalination unit at variable
operation conditions such as feed water temperature, outlet air
temperature, air to feed water mass ratio and salinity, in addition to
cooling water mass flow rate and inlet temperature, as well as
quantity of solar irradiance.
The results obtained indicate that the exergy efficiency of the
humidifier increases by increasing the mass ratio and decreasing the
outlet air temperature. In the other hand the exergy efficiency of the
condenser increases with the increase of this ratio and also with the
increase of the outlet air temperature.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {8},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {1697 - 1701},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/16155},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/80},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 80, 2013},