@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/15930,
	  title     = {Feasibility Study on Vanillin Production from Jatropha curcas Stem Using Steam Explosion as a Pretreatment},
	  author    = {Pilanee Vaithanomsat and  Waraporn Apiwatanapiwat},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Jatropha curcas stem was analyzed for chemical
compositions: 19.11% pentosan, 42.99% alphacellulose and 24.11%
lignin based on dry weight of 100-g raw material. The condition to
fractionate cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin in J. curcas stem using
steam explosion was optimized. The procedure started from cutting J.
curcas stem into small pieces and soaked in water for overnight.
After that, they were steam exploded at 214 °C and 21 kg/cm2 for 5
min. The obtained hydrolysate contained 1.55 g/L ferulic acid which
after that was used as substrate for vanillin production by Aspergillus
niger and Pycnoporus cinnabarinus in one-step process. The
maximum 0.65 g/L of vanillin were obtained with the conversion rate
of 45.2% based on the initial ferulic acid.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {5},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {258 - 261},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/15930},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/29},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 29, 2009},