@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/1556,
	  title     = {Chaotic Oscillations of Diaphragm Supported by Nonlinear Springs with Hysteresis},
	  author    = {M. Sasajima and  T. Yamaguchi and  Y. Koike and  A. Hara},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This paper describes vibration analysis using the finite
element method for a small earphone, especially for the diaphragm
shape with a low-rigidity. The viscoelastic diaphragm is supported by
multiple nonlinear concentrated springs with linear hysteresis
damping. The restoring forces of the nonlinear springs have cubic
nonlinearity. The finite elements for the nonlinear springs with
hysteresis are expressed and are connected to the diaphragm that is
modeled by linear solid finite elements in consideration of a complex
modulus of elasticity. Further, the discretized equations in physical
coordinates are transformed into the nonlinear ordinary coupled
equations using normal coordinates corresponding to the linear natural
modes. We computed the nonlinear stationary and non-stationary
responses due to the internal resonance between modes with large
amplitude in the nonlinear springs and elastic modes in the diaphragm.
The non-stationary motions are confirmed as the chaos due to the
maximum Lyapunov exponents with a positive number. From the time
histories of the deformation distribution in the chaotic vibration, we
identified nonlinear modal couplings.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering},
	  volume    = {6},
	  number    = {11},
	  year      = {2012},
	  pages     = {2349 - 2355},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/1556},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/71},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 71, 2012},
	}