@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/15483,
	  title     = {User-s Hand Effect on TIS of Different GSM900/1800 Mobile Phone Models Using FDTD Method},
	  author    = {Salah I. Al-Mously and  Marai M. Abousetta},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This paper predicts the effect of the user-s hand-hold
position on the Total Isotropic Sensitivity (TIS) of GSM900/1800
mobile phone antennas of realistic in-use conditions, where different
semi-realistic mobile phone models, i.e., candy bar and clamshell, as
well as different antenna types, i.e., external and internal, are
simulated using a FDTD-based platform. A semi-realistic hand model
consisting of three tissues and the SAM head are used in simulations.
The results show a considerable impact on TIS of the adopted mobile
phone models owing to the user-s hand presence at different
positions, where a maximum level of TIS is obtained while grasping
the upper part of the mobile phone against head. Maximum TIS
levels are recorded in talk position for mobile phones with external
antenna and maximum differences in TIS levels due to the hand-hold
alteration are recorded for clamshell-type phones.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {1},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {83 - 88},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/15483},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/25},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 25, 2009},