@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/15371,
	  title     = {Modeling Directional Thermal Radiance Anisotropy for Urban Canopy},
	  author    = {Limin Zhao and  Xingfa Gu and  C. Tao Yu},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {one of the significant factors for improving the
accuracy of Land Surface Temperature (LST) retrieval is the correct
understanding of the directional anisotropy for thermal radiance. In
this paper, the multiple scattering effect between heterogeneous
non-isothermal surfaces is described rigorously according to the
concept of configuration factor, based on which a directional thermal
radiance model is built, and the directional radiant character for urban
canopy is analyzed. The model is applied to a simple urban canopy
with row structure to simulate the change of Directional Brightness
Temperature (DBT). The results show that the DBT is aggrandized
because of the multiple scattering effects, whereas the change range of
DBT is smoothed. The temperature difference, spatial distribution,
emissivity of the components can all lead to the change of DBT. The
“hot spot" phenomenon occurs when the proportion of high
temperature component in the vision field came to a head. On the other
hand, the “cool spot" phenomena occur when low temperature
proportion came to the head. The “spot" effect disappears only when
the proportion of every component keeps invariability. The model
built in this paper can be used for the study of directional effect on
emissivity, the LST retrieval over urban areas and the adjacency effect
of thermal remote sensing pixels.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Physical and Mathematical Sciences},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {11},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {1717 - 1720},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/15371},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/59},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 59, 2011},
	}