@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/14769,
	  title     = {Determination of Stress-Strain Characteristics of Railhead Steel using Image Analysis},
	  author    = {Bandula-Heva and  T. and  Dhanasekar and  M.},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {True stress-strain curve of railhead steel is required to
investigate the behaviour of railhead under wheel loading through elasto-plastic Finite Element (FE) analysis. To reduce the rate of wear, the railhead material is hardened through annealing and
quenching. The Australian standard rail sections are not fully hardened and hence suffer from non-uniform distribution of the
material property; usage of average properties in the FE modelling can potentially induce error in the predicted plastic strains. Coupons
obtained at varying depths of the railhead were, therefore, tested under axial tension and the strains were measured using strain gauges as well as an image analysis technique, known as the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The head hardened steel exhibit existence of three distinct zones of yield strength; the yield strength as the ratio of the average yield strength provided in the standard (σyr=780MPa) and
the corresponding depth as the ratio of the head hardened zone along
the axis of symmetry are as follows: (1.17 σyr, 20%), (1.06 σyr, 20%-80%) and (0.71 σyr, > 80%). The stress-strain curves exhibit limited plastic zone with fracture occurring at strain less than 0.1.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {811 - 815},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/14769},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/60},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 60, 2011},