@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/14199,
	  title     = {Efficient Numerical Model for Studying Bridge Pier Collapse in Floods},
	  author    = {Thanut Kallaka and  Ching-Jong Wang},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {High level and high velocity flood flows are
potentially harmful to bridge piers as evidenced in many toppled
piers, and among them the single-column piers were considered as
the most vulnerable. The flood flow characteristic parameters
including drag coefficient, scouring and vortex shedding are built into
a pier-flood interaction model to investigate structural safety against
flood hazards considering the effects of local scouring, hydrodynamic
forces, and vortex induced resonance vibrations. By extracting the
pier-flood simulation results embedded in a neural networks code,
two cases of pier toppling occurred in typhoon days were reexamined:
(1) a bridge overcome by flash flood near a mountain side;
(2) a bridge washed off in flood across a wide channel near the
estuary. The modeling procedures and simulations are capable of
identifying the probable causes for the tumbled bridge piers during
heavy floods, which include the excessive pier bending moments and
resonance in structural vibrations.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {710 - 715},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/14199},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/60},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 60, 2011},
	}