@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/13608,
	  title     = {Metaheuristics Methods (GA and ACO) for Minimizing the Length of Freeman Chain Code from Handwritten Isolated Characters},
	  author    = {Dewi Nasien and  Habibollah Haron and  Siti SophiayatiYuhaniz},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This paper presents a comparison of metaheuristic
algorithms, Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Ant Colony Optimization
(ACO), in producing freeman chain code (FCC). The main problem
in representing characters using FCC is the length of the FCC
depends on the starting points. Isolated characters, especially the
upper-case characters, usually have branches that make the traversing
process difficult. The study in FCC construction using one
continuous route has not been widely explored. This is our
motivation to use the population-based metaheuristics. The
experimental result shows that the route length using GA is better
than ACO, however, ACO is better in computation time than GA.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {4},
	  number    = {2},
	  year      = {2010},
	  pages     = {223 - 228},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/13608},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/38},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 38, 2010},
	}