@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/13518,
	  title     = {Application of a Modified BCR Approach to Investigate the Mobility and Availability of Trace Elements (As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mo,Ni, Pb, Zn, and Hg) from a Solid Residue Matrix Designed for Soil Amendment},
	  author    = {Mikko Mäkelä and  Risto Pöykiö and  Gary Watkins and  Hannu Nurmesniemi and  Olli Dahl},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Trace element speciation of an integrated soil
amendment matrix was studied with a modified BCR sequential
extraction procedure. The analysis included pseudo-total
concentration determinations according to USEPA 3051A and
relevant physicochemical properties by standardized methods. Based
on the results, the soil amendment matrix possessed neutralization
capacity comparable to commercial fertilizers. Additionally, the
pseudo-total concentrations of all trace elements included in the
Finnish regulation for agricultural fertilizers were lower than the
respective statutory limit values. According to chemical speciation,
the lability of trace elements increased in the following order: Hg <
Cr < Co < Cu < As < Zn < Ni < Pb < Cd < V < Mo < Ba. The
validity of the BCR approach as a tool for chemical speciation was
confirmed by the additional acid digestion phase. Recovery of trace
elements during the procedure assured the validity of the approach
and indicated good quality of the analytical work.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {7},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {397 - 402},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/13518},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/55},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 55, 2011},