Understanding patient factors related to physical activity behavior is important in the management of Type 2 Diabetes. This study applied the Theory of Planned Behavior model to understand physical activity behavior among sampled Type 2 diabetics in Kenya. The study was conducted within the diabetic clinic at Kisii Level 5 Hospital and adopted sequential mixed methods design beginning with qualitative phase and ending with quantitative phase. Qualitative data was analyzed using grounded theory analysis method. Structural equation modeling using maximum likelihood was used to analyze quantitative data. The common fit indices revealed that the theory of planned behavior fitted the data acceptably well among the Type 2 diabetes and within physical activity behavior {¤ç2 = 213, df = 84, n=230, p = .061, ¤ç2\/df = 2.53; TLI = .97; CFI =.96; RMSEA (90CI) = .073(.029, .08)}. This theory proved to be useful in understanding physical activity behavior among Type 2 diabetics.<\/p>\r\n","references":"[1] Canadian Diabetes Association Guidelines Expert Committee \"Clinical\r\nPractice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in\r\nCanada,\" Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Vol.27, no.2, pp. 1-152, 2003.\r\n[2] V. Krishna, M.D. Bhaskarabhatla, & R. Birrer, \"Physical Activity and\r\nType 2 Diabetes,\" The Physician and Sports Medicine, Vol. 32, no1, pp.\r\n13-17, 2004.\r\n[3] E.A. Richter and H. Galbo \"Diabetes, Insulin and Exercise,\" Sports\r\nmedicine, Vol.3, no4, pp. 275-288.\r\n[4] C. R. Plotnikoff \"Physical Activity in the Management of Diabetes:\r\nPopulation-based Perspectives and Strategies,\" Canadian Journal of\r\nDiabetes, Vol.30, no1, pp.52-62, 2006.\r\n[5] R.C. Plotnikoff, S. Brez, & S.B. Hotz \"Exercise Behaviour in\r\nCommunity Sample with Diabetes: Understanding Determinants of\r\nExercise Behaviour Change,\" Diabetes Education, Vol. 26, no.3, pp.\r\n450-459, 2000.\r\n[6] R.M. Anderson and M.M. Funnell, \"Theory in the Cart, Vision is the\r\nHorse: Reflections on Research in Diabetes Patient Education,\"\r\nDiabetic Education, Vol. 25, no.6, pp.43-51, 1999.\r\n[7] I. Ajzen, \"The Theory of Planned Behavior,\" Organizational Behavior\r\nand Human Decision Processes, Vol.50, pp. 179-211, Dec. 1991.\r\n[8] J.W. Creswell and V.l. Plano Clark, Designing and conducting mixed\r\nmethods research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2007.\r\n[9] Lysack CL and Krefting L Qualitative methods in field research: An\r\nIndonesian experience in community based practice. The Occupational\r\nTherapy Journal of Research, Vol. 14, no. 2, pp.93-110, 1994.\r\n[10] Creative Research Systems (2003). The survey system: Sample size\r\ncalculator. Available: http:\/\/www.surveysystem.com\/sscalc.htm\r\n[11] J.C. Loehlin Latent variables models: An introduction to factor, path,\r\nand structural analysis (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum,\r\n1992,\" IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 4, pp. 570-578, July 1993.\r\n[12] W.J. Creswell Research Design. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed\r\nmethods approach. SAGE Publications, Inc, California, USA, 2009\r\n[13] G.D. Garson (Dec 2009). Structural equation modeling. Available:\r\nhttp:\/\/faculty.chass.ncass.ncsu.edu\/garson\/Pa765\/structur.htm\r\n[14] R.E. Schumacker and G.L. Richard A beginner-s guide to structural\r\nequation modeling (2nd ed.). Mahwah, N.J: Lawrence Erlbaum\r\nAssociates, 2004.\r\n[15] B. Kline Rex Principles and practice of structural equation modeling.\r\nNew York. Guilford Press, 1998.\r\n[16] D. George and P. Mallery SPSS for Windows step by step: A simple\r\nguide and reference. 11.0 update (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon,\r\n2003\r\n[17] D.O. Omondi, M.K. Walingo, G.M. Mbagaya and L.O.A Othoun\r\n\"Predicting dietary practice behavior among Type 2 Diabetics Using the\r\nTheory of Planned Behavior and Mixed Methods Design, International\r\nJournal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Vol.1, no. 2, pp. 117-125,\r\n2010.\r\n[18] M. Fishbein and I. Ajzen Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: An\r\nintroduction to theory and research Menlo Park: Addison-Wesley,\r\n1975.\r\n[19] S. Sutton \"Theory of planned behavior,\" in Cambridge handbook of\r\npsychology, health and medicine ed. A. Baum, S. Newman, J. Weinman,\r\nR. West, C. McManus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997,\r\npp. 177-179.\r\n[20] L. Luzzi and A.J. Spencer \"Factors influencing the use of public dental\r\nservices: An application of the Theory of Planned Behavior,\" BMC\r\nHealth Service Research, Vol 8, no.93, 2008.\r\n[21] L. Johansson, K. Solvoll, G-E.A. Bj\u251c\u00a9rneboe and& C.A. Drevon,\r\n\"Dietary habits among Norwegian men and women,\" Scandinavian\r\nJournal of Nutrition, Vol.41, pp.63-70, 1997.","publisher":"World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology","index":"Open Science Index 39, 2010"}