@article{(International Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/13170,
	  title     = {Enhanced GA-Fuzzy OPF under both Normal and Contingent Operation States},
	  author    = {Ashish Saini and  A.K. Saxena},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The genetic algorithm (GA) based solution techniques
are found suitable for optimization because of their ability of
simultaneous multidimensional search. Many GA-variants have been
tried in the past to solve optimal power flow (OPF), one of the
nonlinear problems of electric power system. The issues like
convergence speed and accuracy of the optimal solution obtained
after number of generations using GA techniques and handling
system constraints in OPF are subjects of discussion. The results
obtained for GA-Fuzzy OPF on various power systems have shown
faster convergence and lesser generation costs as compared to other
approaches. This paper presents an enhanced GA-Fuzzy OPF (EGAOPF)
using penalty factors to handle line flow constraints and load
bus voltage limits for both normal network and contingency case
with congestion. In addition to crossover and mutation rate
adaptation scheme that adapts crossover and mutation probabilities
for each generation based on fitness values of previous generations, a
block swap operator is also incorporated in proposed EGA-OPF. The
line flow limits and load bus voltage magnitude limits are handled by
incorporating line overflow and load voltage penalty factors
respectively in each chromosome fitness function. The effects of
different penalty factors settings are also analyzed under contingent
	    journal   = {International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering},
	  volume    = {2},
	  number    = {5},
	  year      = {2008},
	  pages     = {873 - 881},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/13170},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/17},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {International Science Index 17, 2008},