@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/12462,
	  title     = {Identification of Anaerobic Microorganisms for Converting Kitchen Waste to Biogas},
	  author    = {A. Malakahmad and  S.M. Zain and  N.E. Ahmad Basri and  S. R. Mohamed Kutty and  M. H. Isa},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Anaerobic digestion process is one of the alternative
methods to convert organic waste into methane gas which is a fuel
and energy source. Activities of various kinds of microorganisms are
the main factor for anaerobic digestion which produces methane gas.
Therefore, in this study a modified Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR)
with working volume of 50 liters was designed to identify the
microorganisms through biogas production. The mixture of 75%
kitchen waste and 25% sewage sludge was used as substrate.
Observations on microorganisms in the ABR showed that there exists
a small amount of protozoa (5%) and fungi (2%) in the system, but
almost 93% of the microorganism population consists of bacteria. It
is definitely clear that bacteria are responsible for anaerobic
biodegradation of kitchen waste. Results show that in the
acidification zone of the ABR (front compartments of reactor) fast
growing bacteria capable of growth at high substrate levels and
reduced pH was dominant. A shift to slower growing scavenging
bacteria that grow better at higher pH was occurring towards the end
of the reactor. Due to the ability of activity in acetate environment the
percentages of Methanococcus, Methanosarcina and Methanotrix
were higher than other kinds of methane former in the system.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {410 - 413},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/12462},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/36},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 36, 2009},