@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/12243,
	  title     = {Leaching Characteristics of Upgraded Copper Flotation Tailings},
	  author    = {Mercy M. Ramakokovhu and  Henry Kasaini and  Richard K.K. Mbaya},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The copper flotation tailings from Konkola Copper
mine in Nchanga, Zambia were used in the study. The purpose of this
study was to determine the leaching characteristics of the tailings
material prior and after the physical beneficiation process is
employed. The Knelson gravity concentrator (KC-MD3) was used for
the beneficiation process. The copper leaching efficiencies and
impurity co-extraction percentages in both the upgraded and the raw
feed material were determined at different pH levels and temperature.
It was observed that the copper extraction increased with an increase
in temperature and a decrease in pH levels. In comparison to the raw
feed sample, the upgraded sample reported a maximum copper
extraction of 69% which was 9%, higher than raw feed % extractions.
The impurity carry over was reduced from 18% to 4 % on the
upgraded sample. The reduction in impurity co-extraction was as a
result of the removal of the reactive gangue elements during the
upgrading process, this minimized the number of side reaction
occurring during leaching.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering},
	  volume    = {6},
	  number    = {8},
	  year      = {2012},
	  pages     = {853 - 857},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/12243},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/68},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 68, 2012},