@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/12060,
	  title     = {A Dual Digital-Image Watermarking Technique},
	  author    = {Maha Sharkas and  Dahlia ElShafie and  Nadder Hamdy},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Image watermarking has become an important tool for
intellectual property protection and authentication. In this paper a
watermarking technique is suggested that incorporates two
watermarks in a host image for improved protection and robustness.
A watermark, in form of a PN sequence (will be called the secondary
watermark), is embedded in the wavelet domain of a primary
watermark before being embedded in the host image. The technique
has been tested using Lena image as a host and the camera man as
the primary watermark. The embedded PN sequence was detectable
through correlation among other five sequences where a PSNR of
44.1065 dB was measured. Furthermore, to test the robustness of the
technique, the watermarked image was exposed to four types of
attacks, namely compression, low pass filtering, salt and pepper noise
and luminance change. In all cases the secondary watermark was
easy to detect even when the primary one is severely distorted.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {1},
	  number    = {5},
	  year      = {2007},
	  pages     = {1477 - 1480},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/12060},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/5},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 5, 2007},
	}