@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11967,
	  title     = {Damage Evolution of Underground Structural Reinforced Concrete Small-Scale Static-Loading Experiments},
	  author    = {Ahmed Mohammed Youssef Mohammed and  Mohammad Reza Okhovat and  Koichi Maekawa},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Small-scale RC models of both piles and tunnel ducts
were produced as mockups of reality and loaded under soil
confinement conditionsto investigate the damage evolution of
structural RC interacting with soil. Experimental verifications usinga
3D nonlinear FE analysis program called COM3D, which was
developed at the University of Tokyo, are introduced. This analysis
has been used in practice for seismic performance assessment of
underground ducts and in-ground LNG storage tanks in consideration
of soil-structure interactionunder static and dynamic loading. Varying
modes of failure of RCpilessubjected to different magnitudes of soil
confinement were successfully reproduced in the proposed small-scale
experiments and numerically simulated as well. Analytical simulation
was applied to RC tunnel mockups under a wide variety of depth and
soil confinement conditions, and reasonable matching was confirmed.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {6},
	  number    = {1},
	  year      = {2012},
	  pages     = {9 - 16},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11967},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/61},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 61, 2012},