@article{(International Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11916,
	  title     = {Local Algorithm for Establishing a Virtual Backbone in 3D Ad Hoc Network},
	  author    = {Alaa E. Abdallah and  M. Bsoul and  Emad E. Abdallah and  Ahmad Al-Khasawneh and  Muath Alzghool},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Due to the limited lifetime of the nodes in ad hoc and sensor networks, energy efficiency needs to be an important design consideration in any routing algorithm. It is known that by employing a virtual backbone in a wireless network, the efficiency of any routing scheme for the network can be improved. One common design for routing protocols in mobile ad hoc networks is to use positioning information; we use the node-s geometric locations to introduce an algorithm that can construct the virtual backbone structure locally in 3D environment. The algorithm construction has a constant time.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {6},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2012},
	  pages     = {304 - 308},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11916},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/63},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {International Science Index 63, 2012},