@article{(International Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11619,
	  title     = {Effects of used Engine Oil in Reinforced Concrete Beams: The Structural Behaviour},
	  author    = {S.C. Chin and  N. Shafiq and  M.F. Nuruddin},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In the modern construction practices, industrial wastes
or by-products are largely used as raw materials in cement and
concrete. These impart many benefits to the environment and bringabout
an economic impact because the cost of waste disposal is
constantly increasing due to strict environmental regulations. It was
reported in literature that the leakage of oil onto concrete element in
older cement grinding unit resulted in concrete with greater resistance
to freezing and thawing. This effect was thought to be similar to
adding an air-entraining chemical admixture to concrete. This paper
presents an investigation on the load deflection behaviour and crack
patterns of reinforced concrete (RC) beams subjected to four point
loading. Ten 120x260x1900 mm beams were cast with 100%
ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete, 20% fly ash (FA) and 20%
rice husk ash (RHA) blended cement concrete. 0.15% dosage of
admixtures (used engine oil, new engine oil, and superplasticizer)
was used throughout the experiment. Results show that OPC and
OPC/RHA RC beams containing used engine oil and superplasticizer
exhibit higher capacity, 18-26% than their corresponding control
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {6},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2012},
	  pages     = {254 - 260},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11619},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/63},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {International Science Index 63, 2012},