@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11495,
	  title     = {Turbulent Forced Convection Flow in a Channel over Periodic Grooves Using Nanofluids},
	  author    = {Farshid Fathinia and  Mohammad Parsazadeh and  Amirhossein Heshmati},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Turbulent forced convection flow in a 2-dimensional channel over periodic grooves is numerically investigated. Finite volume method is used to study the effect of turbulence model. The range of Reynolds number varied from 10000 to 30000 for the ribheight to channel-height ratio (B/H) of 2. The downstream wall is heated by a uniform heat flux while the upstream wall is insulated. The investigation is analyzed with different types of nanoparticles such as SiO2, Al2O3, and ZnO, with water as a base fluid are used. The volume fraction is varied from 1% to 4% and the nanoparticle diameter is utilized between 20nm to 50nm. The results revealed 114% heat transfer enhancement compared to the water in a grooved channel by using SiO2 nanoparticle with volume fraction and nanoparticle diameter of 4% and 20nm respectively.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering},
	  volume    = {6},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2012},
	  pages     = {2782 - 2787},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11495},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/72},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 72, 2012},
	}