@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11234,
	  title     = {Challenges of Implementing Urban Master Plans: The Lahore Experience},
	  author    = {Rizwan Hameed and  Obaidullah Nadeem},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Master plan is a tool to guide and manage the growth of cities in a planned manner. The soul of a master plan lies in its implementation framework. If not implemented, people are trapped in a mess of urban problems and laissez-faire development having serious long term repercussions. Unfortunately, Master Plans prepared for several major cities of Pakistan could not be fully implemented due to host of reasons and Lahore is no exception. Being the second largest city of Pakistan with a population of over 7 million people, Lahore holds the distinction that the first ever Master Plan in the country was prepared for this city in 1966. Recently in 2004, a new plan titled `Integrated Master Plan for Lahore-2021- has been approved for implementation. This paper provides a comprehensive account of the weaknesses and constraints in the plan preparation process and implementation strategies of Master Plans prepared for Lahore. It also critically reviews the new Master Plan particularly with respect to the proposed implementation framework. The paper discusses the prospects and pre-conditions for successful implementation of the new Plan in the light of historic analysis, interviews with stakeholders and the new institutional context under the devolution plan.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences},
	  volume    = {2},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2008},
	  pages     = {1297 - 1304},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11234},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/24},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 24, 2008},
	}