@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11181,
	  title     = {Performance Evaluation of A Stratified Chilled- Water Thermal Storage System},
	  author    = {M. A. Karim},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In countries with hot climates, air-conditioning forms
a large proportion of annual peak electrical demand, requiring
expansion of power plants to meet the peak demand, which goes
unused most of the time. Use of well-designed cool storage can offset
the peak demand to a large extent. In this study, an air conditioning
system with naturally stratified storage tank was designed,
constructed and tested. A new type of diffuser was designed and used
in this study. Factors that influence the performance of chilled water
storage tanks were investigated. The results indicated that stratified
storage tank consistently stratified well without any physical barrier.
Investigation also showed that storage efficiency decreased with
increasing flow rate due to increased mixing of warm and chilled
water. Diffuser design and layout primarily affected the mixing near
the inlet diffuser and the extent of this mixing had primary influence
on the shape of the thermocline. The heat conduction through tank
walls and through the thermocline caused widening of mixed volume.
Thermal efficiency of stratified storage tanks was as high as 90
percent, which indicates that stratified tanks can effectively be used
as a load management technique.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering},
	  volume    = {3},
	  number    = {5},
	  year      = {2009},
	  pages     = {521 - 529},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/11181},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/29},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 29, 2009},