@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10638,
	  title     = {Urban Reforms of Tanzimat: Early Urbanization and Transportation Practices in The Formation Process of Turkish Reconstruction System(1839-1908) in Bursa The First Capital City of Ottoman Empire},
	  author    = {M.Bilal Bagbanci and  Ozlem Koprulu Bagbanci},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Bursa, since the establishment of the Ottoman Empire,
being on the important trade roads and having a capital accumulation
as a result of silk production, was one of the first cities of
modernization activities applied. Bursa maintained its importance
even during the Republican Period and became one of the most
important cities of the country and today is the fourth biggest and the
industrialized city in Turkey. Social, political, economical and
cultural changes occured with the reforms starting with the 1839
Edict of Tanzimat that aimed at modernizing the society and the
government and centralizing the political power began in the
Ottoman Empire. After the Tanzimat Reforms transformation of the
city changed and planning processes began in Bursa according to the
vision of Governors. The theresholds of the city are very important
data for a sustainable planning for the city planners. Main aim of this
study is to investigate the changes and transformations of the city
according to the changes in the socio-economical and cultural
properties for the city planners.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Urban and Civil Engineering},
	  volume    = {4},
	  number    = {6},
	  year      = {2010},
	  pages     = {1129 - 1134},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10638},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/42},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 42, 2010},