@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10563,
	  title     = {Incidence of Chronic Disease and Lipid Profile in Veteran Rugby Athletes},
	  author    = {Mike Climstein and  Joe Walsh and  John Best and  Ian Timothy Heazlewood and  Stephen Burke and  Jyrki Kettunen and  Kent Adams and  Mark DeBeliso},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Recently, the health of retired National Football
League players, particularly lineman has been investigated. A
number of studies have reported increased cardiometabolic risk,
premature cardiovascular disease and incidence of type 2 diabetes.
Rugby union players have somatotypes very similar to National
Football League players which suggests that rugby players may have
similar health risks. The International Golden Oldies World Rugby
Festival (GORF) provided a unique opportunity to investigate the
demographics of veteran rugby players. METHODOLOGIES: A
cross-sectional, observational study was completed using an online
web-based questionnaire that consisted of medical history and
physiological measures. Data analysis was completed using a one
sample t-test (50yrs) and Chi-square test. RESULTS:
A total of 216 veteran rugby competitors (response rate = 6.8%)
representing 10 countries, aged 35-72 yrs (mean 51.2, S.D. ±8.0),
participated in the online survey. As a group, the incidence of current
smokers was low at 8.8% (avg 72.4 cigs/wk) whilst the percentage
consuming alcohol was high (93.1% (avg 11.2 drinks/wk).
Competitors reported the following top six chronic
diseases/disorders; hypertension (18.6%), arthritis (OA/RA, 11.5%),
asthma (9.3%), hyperlipidemia (8.2%), diabetes (all types, 7.5%) and
gout (6%), there were significant differences between groups with
regard to cancer (all types) and migraines. When compared to the
Australian general population (Australian Bureau of Statistics data,
n=18,000), GORF competitors had a significantly lower incidence of
anxiety (p},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Health and Medical Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {8},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {362 - 366},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10563},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/56},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 56, 2011},