@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10475,
	  title     = {Measuring the Performance of the Accident Reductions: Evidence from Izmir City},
	  author    = {Y. Duvarci and  S. Mizokami},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Traffic enforcement units (the Police) are partly
responsible for the severity and frequency of the traffic accidents via
the effectiveness of their safety measures. The Police claims that the
reductions in accidents and their severities occur largely by their
timely interventions at the black spots, through traffic management
or temporary changes in the road design (guiding, reducing speeds
and eliminating sight obstructions, etc.). Yet, some other external
factors than the Police measures may intervene into which such
claims require a statistical confirmation. In order to test the net
impact of the Police contribution in the reduction of the number of
crashes, Chi square test was applied for 25 spots (streets and
intersections) and an average evaluation was achieved for general
conclusion in the case study of Izmir city. Separately, the net impact
of economic crisis in the reduction of crashes is assessed by the
trend analysis for the case of the economic crisis with the probable
reduction effects on the trip generation or modal choice. Finally, it
was proven that the Police measures were effective to some degree as
they claimed, though the economic crisis might have only negligible
contribution to the reductions in the same period observed.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {2},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2008},
	  pages     = {296 - 303},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10475},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/24},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 24, 2008},
	}