@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10280,
	  title     = {Enhancing Landfill Gas Production by Methanogenic Sand Layer},
	  author    = {N. Sapari and  S. Mustapha and  H. Jusoh},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Landfill gas, particularly methane is one of the
greenhouse gases which contributes to global warming. This paper presents the findings of a study on methane gas production from
simulated landfill reactor under saturated conditions. A reactor was constructed to represent a landfill cell of 2.5 m thickness on sandy
soil. The reactor was 0.2 m in diameter and 4 m in height. One meter of sand and pebble layer was packed at the bottom of the reactor
followed by 2.5 m of solid waste layer and 0.4 m of sand layer as the cover soil. Degradation of waste in the solid waste layer was at
acidification stage as indicated by the leachate quality with COD as
high as 55,511 mg/L and pH as low as 5.1. However, methanogenic
environment was established at the bottom sand layer after one year of operation indicated by pH of 7.2 and methane gas generation.
Leachate degradation took place as the leachate moved through the
sand layer at an infiltration of rate 0.7 cm/day. This resulted in landfill gas production of 77 mL/day/kg containing 55 to 65% methane. The application of sand layer contributed to the gas
production from landfill by an in-situ degradation of leachate in the
sand at the bottom of the landfill.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {766 - 773},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10280},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/60},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 60, 2011},