%0 Journal Article
	%A Ganiyu Amuda Yusuf and  Sarajul Fikri Mohamed
	%D 2012
	%J International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 63, 2012
	%T Examination of Pre-Tender Budgeting Techniques for Mechanical and Electrical Services in Malaysia
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10159
	%V 63
	%X The procurement and cost management approach adopted for mechanical and electrical (M&E) services in Malaysian construction industry have been criticized for its inefficiency. The study examined early cost estimating practices adopted for mechanical and electrical services (M&E) in Malaysia so as to understand the level of compliance of the current techniques with best practices. The methodology adopted for the study is a review of bidding documents used on both completed and on – going building projects awarded between 2008 – 2010 under 9th Malaysian Plan. The analysis revealed that, M&E services cost cannot be reliably estimated at pre-contract stage; the bidding techniques adopted for M&E services failed to provide uniform basis for contractors to submit tender; detailed measurement of items were not made which could complicate post contract cost control and financial management. The paper concluded that, there is need to follow a structured approach in determining the pre-contract cost estimate for M&E services which will serve as a virile tool for post contract cost control.

	%P 745 - 749