@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10159,
	  title     = {Examination of Pre-Tender Budgeting Techniques for Mechanical and Electrical Services in Malaysia},
	  author    = {Ganiyu Amuda Yusuf and  Sarajul Fikri Mohamed},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The procurement and cost management approach adopted for mechanical and electrical (M&E) services in Malaysian construction industry have been criticized for its inefficiency. The study examined early cost estimating practices adopted for mechanical and electrical services (M&E) in Malaysia so as to understand the level of compliance of the current techniques with best practices. The methodology adopted for the study is a review of bidding documents used on both completed and on – going building projects awarded between 2008 – 2010 under 9th Malaysian Plan. The analysis revealed that, M&E services cost cannot be reliably estimated at pre-contract stage; the bidding techniques adopted for M&E services failed to provide uniform basis for contractors to submit tender; detailed measurement of items were not made which could complicate post contract cost control and financial management. The paper concluded that, there is need to follow a structured approach in determining the pre-contract cost estimate for M&E services which will serve as a virile tool for post contract cost control.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering},
	  volume    = {6},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2012},
	  pages     = {745 - 749},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10159},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/63},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 63, 2012},
	}